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From Girlhood to Womanhood: Health at Every Stage

March 5, 2024

Women's healthcare spans three life stages: adolescence, reproductive age, and menopause. At each stage, women may experience different symptoms and face varying risks of diseases. Therefore, following routine check-ups and consulting a healthcare professional in case of any unusual symptoms is crucial for disease prevention and early detection.


Adolescence: Females who start menstruating around the age of 15-20

Generally, women in this age group are less prone to major issues like tumors or cancers. However, the most common concerns during this period are menstrual pain and irregularities, which can usually be managed through medication.

Early sexual activity: Engaging in sexual activity at a young age increases the risk of contracting human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause abnormal cervical cells or cervical cancer. Doctors recommend HPV vaccination. However, the most effective method of preventing sexually transmitted infections is using condoms, which can prevent a range of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, hepatitis B, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.


Reproductive Age: From the early 20s until menopause (around 45 years old)

During this period, various health issues may arise due to the production of female hormones and sexual activity. Infections or sexually transmitted diseases are more likely to occur through unprotected sex. Non-sexually transmitted infections, such as bacterial vaginosis, can result from tight clothing and excessive use of sanitary pads. Tumors can occur in various areas, such as uterine fibroids or ovarian cysts. Atypical or malignant tumors, such as cervical, vaginal, ovarian, uterine, and fallopian tube cancer, may also arise. Additionally, essential examinations like routine gynecological check-ups, viral screenings, infectious disease screenings, and prenatal checks are indispensable during the planning and pregnancy period.


Menopause: The cessation of menstrual cycles in women

Menopause marks the cessation of ovarian function and hormone secretion, resulting in the end of menstruation and infertility. Non-typical cell tumors become more common with age, increasing the risk of cancer. Therefore, regular physical examinations and cancer screenings, including breast, cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancer, are crucial for women. If there is bleeding again one year after menopause, it may indicate abnormalities in the uterus or ovaries and requires medical evaluation. Menopausal symptoms, caused by natural hormonal decline, may include hot flashes, sweating, insomnia, fatigue, vaginal discomfort, sagging, and uterine prolapse. Seeking medical advice is recommended for severe symptoms. For older women, bone density checks are essential as they are a vital part of maintaining bone health.


Certainly, it is important to pay attention to mental health and various physical indicators at every age stage.